Ecology of the Zarafshan region
The Zarafshan River, an ancient tributary of the Amu Darya, originates in the Zarafshan Range, feeding on the meltwater of the Zarafshan Glacier. It flows through Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. In the north-west of Uzbekistan creates a unique oasis in the valley of which is the city of Samarkand. It passes through the arid territories of Kattakurgan and Navoi, turns to the south-west of the country, carrying its waters through the cities of Bukhara and Karakul. The river Zarafshan - the main water artery of the Navoi region, has a length of 756 km. The river starts from the Zarafshan glacier of the three ridges: the Turkestan, Zarafshan and Altai ranges. At present, the Zarafshan River is a drainage. Its water is fully used for national economic needs. In the past, the Zarafshan River was a tributary of the Amu Darya River. The Zarafshan River is a glacial-snow supply, it is formed by a single confluence of the Matches and Fandarya rivers. After leaving the mountains, close to the city of Samarkand, the Zarafshan River is divided into two branches: the northern Akdarya and the southern one - Karadarya. The length of the Akdarya is 131 km, the Karadarya - 127 km. In the Zarafshan valley, near the village of Khatirchi both sleeves merge into one channel and form the river Zarafshan.